4 Beard Diseases You Should Know And Prevention

beard diseases

Beard Diseases You Should Know – There are some beard related problems that you should be aware of as a bearded man.  Although the beard problems are not very many, that doesn’t mean we should not discuss them. It is important for you to know that, in your journey of growing your beard, there are certain problems that you could encounter along the way. Just like as a human being there are certain diseases that you are susceptible to, so does your beard. It might not be life-threatening like cancer or diabetes, but it could be really serious and damaging to your overall facial look. Most beard diseases do a good job in really spoiling the overall look of the beard.

They distort the look of the person as a whole. The thing is, they usually pose more of a cosmetic problem than an actual health problem. In this article, we will be looking at four different possible beard infections you could get in the course of growing your beard. We will also be looking at reasonable ways that you could use to prevent yourself from getting any of these four diseases. Because truly, the popular saying that, ‘prevention is better than cure’ is popular not just for any reason but for its accuracy and truth. Prevention is really and indeed better than cure. So, what are the four possible beard diseases? Let’s go!

Beard Diseases 1 – Pseudofolliculitis Barbae

This condition is most common among people with curly hair. Pseudofolliculitis Barbae is also called razor bumps or barber’s itch. Pseudofolliculitis Barbae happens when the strands of hair while growing out, curl back into the follicles instead of growing straight out of the skin. This, of course, causes inflammation reaction to the follicles.

Pseudofolliculitis Barbae causes irritation of the follicles especially when the face is shaved repeatedly. Razor bumps or Pseudofolliculitis Barbae happen mostly on the face especially on the bearded areas of the face, but could also occur in the pubic region because that region has delicate and sensitive skin.

How does Pseudofolliculitis Barbae look like?

It manifests as tiny round bumps that are usually congested in one area. They usually look like mini pimples and could appear red or dark depending on your natural skin tone. Those tiny little round bumps are called pustules or papules and they definitely don’t look good at all on the face.

Causes of Pseudofolliculitis Barbae

It is mostly caused by shaving. Because when the hair has been shaved, the hair starts to grow back instantly and then as it grows out back, ingrown hairs start to form. It is these ingrown hairs that cause the skin and follicles irritation that later result in Pseudofolliculitis Barbae. So, shaving your facial hair is a potential Pseudofolliculitis Barbae trigger.


A simple way to prevent Pseudofolliculitis Barbae from happening to you is to grow your beard. Growing your beard completely well definitely lowers your risk of developing it.

If you work in a place where you are mandated to shave, make sure you don’t shave your hair too low. Be sure to leave your hair to be at least 0.5 mm to 1 mm in length to prevent ingrown hairs. It is better to prevent yourself from having it now than to finally trigger the Pseudofolliculitis barbie due to your persistent shaving. Also, when you want to shave your beard, now use a hot and wet washcloth to massage your beard. This is so that your beard can soften before you shave. You can also use shaving powders to lower the risk of skin irritation but the best way to prevent Pseudofolliculitis Barbae is to not shave your beard ever again as shaving triggers Pseudofolliculitis Barbae.

Treatment methods

The best treatment method you can give to Pseudofolliculitis Barbae if you have i, is to just grow your beard out. Growing your beard out will help to stop the irritation if you want it to heal faster. Another treatment in addition to growing your beard out, is to apply some home remedies. There are quite a number of kitchen ingredients you can apply on the bumps to help subside and reduce the redness and inflammation in the affected area. Some of the home remedies you can use are Aloe vera gel inside the plant, exfoliate the affected area – you can also use honey scrub or sponge to exfoliate and also apply the warm compresses.

All these will help to reduce the swelling, inflammation and redness of the bumps. But remember that even after applying all these and the bumps go, if you go back to shaving your beard, then there is a high chance that the Pseudofolliculitis barbae will come back. Maybe even worse this time! So, your best bet is to stop shaving totally. Grow your beard and apply the home remedies as a treatment.

Beard Diseases 2 – Ingrown hair cyst

This phenomenon occurs when a hair strand gets trapped under the skin because instead of the hair to grow upwards and outwards, it instead grows downwards and gets trapped. Usually, this leads to a cyst developing which could be painful. And if it gets infected, it can get worse. Ingrown hair cysts are not typically life-threatening but they can be very painful as well. These cysts that result from the ingrown hairs are usually filled with fluids and a lump around the area of the ingrown hair will surely get swollen.

One symptom that can help you know if you have ingrown hair is itching. If it itches and it is a bump around or in your facial hair, you can be fairly sure you’re dealing with ingrown hair cyst. Although, doctors can mistake ingrown hair cysts to be infections and so they may prescribe antibiotics as treatment.

But really, that’s not the problem. The problem is that your own hair is trapped under your skin and it is triggering a reaction. Men with beards generally have a tendency to develop ingrown hair cysts. It can happen to any bearded man out there, but the more curly your hair is, the greater your tendency to develop ingrown hair and it is even made worse by shaving. This is because when you shave the edges of your facial hair it becomes pointed, making it easier for any strand of hair to pierce back into your skin and start growing there.

Prevention methods

  • Never shave too close to your skin. Make sure that you are 1mm away from your skin or scalp. This is so that the hair can’t easily curl back and grow into the skin.
  • Always shave in the direction that your hair grows. Never shave in the opposite direction.
  • When you are done with shaving, apply a warm compress to your beard to prevent any future irritation.
  • Shave in little strokes. That is, in short strokes. This is so that you can reduce the risk of your hair growing back into the skin. Just follow these precautions, never shave too low and you’re good.

Beard Diseases 3 – Tinea barbae

This is a fungal infection of the beard in which there is follicular inflammation. The causal organism for this infection is either Trichophyton mentagrophytes or Trichophyton verrucosum. This disease though is very rare, as most beard infections are caused by bacteria and not fungi but Tinea barbae is obviously caused by fungi.

How does Tinea barbae manifest on the face/beard?

It appears as a circular patch on the beard area and a kerion/deeper infection is also possible along with it at the affected area. Usually turns into a circular lump and will appear red or dark in colour. The thing about Tinea barbae is that, it is rarely transmitted from person to person. Instead, it is transferred from animals to humans. This is not to say that it can’t be transferred from humans to humans, but this phenomenon is very rare. It is especially most common among bearded men working in agriculture. Like we said before, Tinea barbae commonly affects farmers because they are usually in direct contact with them. And also, the fungus that causes tinea barbae is commonly found in farm animals like cows and horses.

Usually, in Tinea barbae, the beard area is inflamed with round and lumpy pustules.  It usually is not even itchy or painful to the infected patients but can really look severe from outside view. Tinea barbae can only be diagnosed by a qualified doctor’s supervision through laboratory observation and it is usually treated with oral antifungal medicines like Terbinafine.

Now, what are some preventive measures against this infection?

  • After touching pets or animals that have fungal infections of any kind and even after touching the animals without any fungal infections, you should ensure that you wash your hands thoroughly. And also treat the animals to ensure that no one contacts Tinea barbae microbes from the animals.
  • Always use clean razor blades when shaving and never share with anyone else. Remember that your safety is very important.
  • Always used excellent aftershave lotions as they kill microbes effectively.

Beard Diseases 4 – Alopecia areata

This non-contagious disease is one of the leading causes of hair loss according to dermatologists. This disease is believed to be an autoimmune disease where the white blood cells of the patient attack the particular bearded area of the same patient, thereby causing the hair to fall out in that region. Alopecia areata is also known as Alopecia barbae.

Alopecia areata causes hair loss in the bearded area. Alopecia areata could be a genetic or hereditary problem, it could occur as a result of infections or it could also be an autoimmune disease. Apart from attacking the beards of men, it also attacks women as well. Alopecia areata definitely gives signs before it gets worse, but a lot of people tend to ignore its symptoms.


Some microbial infections can definitely cause Alopecia areata e.g, fungal, viral and bacterial infections. These infections attack the hair in the bearded region resulting in the hair falling out. Also, another cause of Alopecia areata is stress and depression. Yes, as ridiculous as it sounds, stress induces falling out of hair and so does depression.

Thirdly, antibodies can mistake the hair and skin around a beard region as foreign bodies and attack that hair region. This autoimmune process causes the follicles to be weak, hence causing the hair strands to eventually fall out. Hormonal changes and genes also have key roles to play in Alopecia areata.


There are several ways to prevent Alopecia areata. Some of them are;

1. Excellent hair care and hygiene

Regularly washing, shampooing and conditioning your beard will go a very long way in preventing Alopecia areata. Because these routine acts strengthen the follicles and keep your beard in good shape.

2. Another sure way to prevent Alopecia areata in your beard is to eat good food, especially fruits and vegetables

These should be added to your daily diet to eat as they strengthen and prevent hair loss even when your genes are speaking otherwise. Since some of the causes of Alopecia areata are beyond your control, you can only do your best to prevent hair loss by making sure you strengthen your hair. And these two prevention methods work well!

Conclusion on Beard Diseases

Above are the four different beard diseases that you should definitely be aware of. It is important to know the potential harms that can happen to your beard so that you can know beforehand, how to prevent them from happening in the future. These beard problems are terrible though and most of them are not life-threatening fortunately. But they can totally disfigure your face and pose huge cosmetic problems. It is better now to know how to prevent them to avoid these unwanted beard diseases from happening in the future.

This is because there are no immediate remedies for these ailments. If you really look at it, you will see that, the root cause of a lot of beard problems like the ones mentioned above, is shaving. Shaving singlehandedly, can be blamed for at least three out of four of the beard diseases listed above. The best thing my brother, is to just keep a healthy beard and save yourself heartache from having problems. Best of luck!

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